Characteristics of Selected Waste-To-Energy Technologies and Suitability for Oman


  • Wajeeha A. Qazi Middle East College
  • Mohammed F.M. Abushammala Middle East College
Keywords: Biochemical, technologies, feedstock, thermal technologies, waste-to-energy, waste management

Abstract


The fast economic development and urbanization caused rapid increase of waste generation worldwide. Oman produced 1.5 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) in 2012 which is expected to elevate to 1.89 million tons in 2030. This rapid increase needs to be tackled to reduce the generation rates along with the environmental impacts it imposes. Currently in Oman other than recycling there are no treatment facilities, and therefore dumping waste into the landfill is the only and ultimate way to dispose solid waste. Thus this research aims present the process and specific aspects of Waste-To-Energy (WTE) technologies and determine the suitable technology for Oman depending on its waste composition and characteristics. In conclusion, the waste characteristics shows the potential to set up a WTE technology in Oman which will help to reduce the amount of waste, greenhouse gas emissions, developing and maintaining costs of landfills, and tackle the issue of portable water by using the produced energy for seawater desalination.

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Author Biographies

Wajeeha A. Qazi, Middle East College
Ms. Wajeeha Anum Qazi holds a B.Eng. (Hons) in Civil Engineering from Middle East College. She is working as Graduate Research Assistant (GRA) in Middle East College under research project entitled ‘Design a sustainable system for recycling ablution water in Middle East College’ sponsored by Middle East College. Wajeeha does research in Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering, her research interest focus on solving different environmental problems in the area of solid waste management, waste-to-energy, landfill gas emission and methane oxidation. She has published 3 papers in international journals and 3 international conferences. Currently, her two more papers are accepted for publication in renowned international journals and are in the process of publication. Her current research focuses on waste management, renewable energy and water treatment in Oman. Please email 13F11053@mec.edu.om or call TL: +968 96009202 to contact Ms. Wajeeha.
Mohammed F.M. Abushammala, Middle East College
Dr. Mohammed F.M. Abushammala holds a PhD (Year 2012) in Civil and Structural Engineering, specialist in Environmental Engineering, from The National University of Malaysia, Malaysia. He is working as an Assistant Professor in Environmental Engineering at the Department of Civil Engineering, Middle East College (MEC), Oman. He holds a Postgraduate Certificate on Higher Educational Professional Practice from Coventry University, UK in 2017.Dr. Abushammala has 10 years of research experience in the field of Environmental Engineering. His research interest focus on solving different environmental problems in the area of air pollution, water and soil pollution, and municipal solid waste management; which included but not limited to: waste to energy technologies, municipal solid waste management, composting, landfilling, waste recycling, landfill gas emission and methane oxidation, Biogas, Biodrying, water treatment and expert system in environmental engineering. He has published 32 papers in various international journals and 16 international conferences. His current research focuses on waste management, renewable energy and water treatment in Oman. Please email mabushammala@mec.edu.om or call TL: +968 93948805 to contact Dr. Abushammala.
Published
12-31-2017

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How to Cite
Qazi, W. A., & Abushammala, M. F. (2017). Characteristics of Selected Waste-To-Energy Technologies and Suitability for Oman. Journal of Student Research. Retrieved from https://jofsr.org/index.php/path/article/view/537